Grigori Rasputin, the Siberian faith healer with links to the royal family The tsarina was convinced that Rasputin's presence reduced the frequency and. Jul 22, This relationship helped to undermine the Romanovs in the public's eye. the Empress Alexandra Feodorovna, at whose side rose the sinister figure Rasputin's proximity to the Tsar's family proved fatal to the dynasty, for no. Read the essential details about Tsarina Alexandra, the grand-daughter of Queen Rasputin to Tobolsk; but a few days later, at the demand of the Empress , the.
Grigori Rasputin Grigori Rasputin, the Siberian faith healer with links to the royal family Grigori Rasputin was a Siberian starets faith healer who arrived in St Petersburg around and became an important friend and spiritual advisor to the Romanov royal family.
In early 20th century Russia, still dominated by religion and infected by spiritualism and superstition, men like Rasputin commanded enormous interest and respect. Rasputin was a paradox: By day he was a spiritual advisor to royals and aristocrats, at night he crawled the streets of the city, guzzling cheap wine and seeking out sexual conquests.
That such a creature could work his way into the palaces of the Romanovs was remarkable and worrying enough. But by Rasputin appeared to many as a malevolent puppeteer, pulling the strings of the tsarina and manipulating the government.
Alexandra Feodorovna (Alix of Hesse) - Wikipedia
He had to be stopped — and stopped he was, though not without bringing considerable shame and discredit to the tsarist regime. Rasputin was born in Siberia in Later accounts tell of the young Rasputin demonstrating psychic or telepathic powers, however these stories are apocryphal and not supported by evidence. Rasputin married at a young age and later embarked on a pilgrimage, traveling by foot to Greece and the Holy Lands.
In late Rasputin journeyed to St Petersburg, possibly inspired by stories that the newborn tsarevich Alexei was sickly and unlikely to live. He arrived in the capital, won over the local bishop and soon acquired a reputation as a preacher, a spiritual counsellor and a faith healer.
Though she later denied this, Vryubova recommended Rasputin to the tsarina sometime in earlysuggesting that his prayers might benefit her son. Rasputin could help the little people because the important people he had helped owed him favors. His confidence grew with each success and with it, his ego.
Whether this was truly the case — and if so, how it was done — remains a matter of historical debate. Some have claimed that Rasputin hypnotised the boy or simply put him at ease; either might have benefited his condition.
The tsar and tsarina were not the only ones opposed to the match; Queen Victoria wrote to Alix's sister Victoria of her suspicions which were correct that Grand Duke Sergei and Elisabeth were encouraging the match. The wedding brought a number of relatives to Coburg, Germany, for the festivities, including Queen Victoria herself who had arranged the marriagethe Prince of Wales, Kaiser Wilhelm II of Germanyand the Empress Frederickmother of the Kaiser and eldest daughter of the Queen.
The Tsesarevich headed up the Russian delegation, which included three of Nicholas's uncles; Vladimir, Sergei and Paul, and two of his aunts by marriage; Elisabeth Feodorovna who was also the bridegroom's sister-in-law and Princess Alix's elder sister and Maria Pavlovna.
However, after pressure from the Kaiser, who had told her that it was her duty to marry Nicholas, and her sister Elisabeth, who tried to point out the similarities between Lutheranism and Russian Orthodoxy, she accepted Nicholas's second proposal. In June, Nicholas travelled to England to visit her, bringing with him his father's personal priest, Father Yanishev, who was to give her religious instruction.
Along with visiting Alix and the Queen, Nicholas's visit coincided with the birth and christening of the eldest son of Nicholas and Alix's mutual cousin, Prince George, Duke of York and his wife, Mary of Teckand both of them were named as godparents of the boy, who would reign briefly as King Edward VIII in Escorted by her sister, Elisabeth, from Warsaw to the Crimea, she was forced to travel by ordinary passenger train.
Yet as a dispensation, she was not required to repudiate Lutheranism or her former faith. The marriage with Nicholas was not delayed. The marriage was outwardly serene and proper, but based on intensely passionate physical love.
She brings misfortune with her. While Alexandra wished to name her daughter Victoria after her beloved grandmother, the couple chose the name Olga instead after Nicholas's younger sister Grand Duchess Olga Alexandrovna and because it was an ancient Russian name. Although many Russians and the Romanovs were disappointed an heir to the throne was not born, Nicholas and Alexandra were delighted with their daughter and doted on her.
It was expected that since Alexandra was only twenty three and still young, there would be plenty of time for a son to be born. Coronation[ edit ] Lesser arms of Empress Alexandra Feodorovna Alexandra Feodorovna became Empress of Russia on her wedding day, but it was not until 14 May that the coronation of Nicholas and Alexandra took place at the Assumption Cathedral in the Kremlin in Moscow.
The following day, the coronation celebrations were halted when the deaths of over one thousand people became known. The victims had been trampled to death at the Khodynka Field in Moscow when rumours spread that there would not be enough of the food being distributed in honour of the coronation for the thousands who had gathered there.
The relatively small numbers of police in attendance could not maintain order, and thousands were crushed in the ensuing stampede. In light of these events the tsar declared he could not go to the ball being given that night by the French Ambassador, the Marquis de Montebello. Nonetheless his uncles urged him to attend so as not to offend the French. Nicholas gave in, and he and Alexandra attended the ball. Sergei Witte commented, "We expected the party would be called off.
Instead it took place as if nothing had happened and the ball was opened by Their Majesties dancing a quadrille. Although Alexandra and Nicholas had visited the wounded the day after and offered to pay for the coffins of the dead, many Russians took the disaster at Khodynka Meadow as an omen that the reign would be unhappy.
Others used the circumstances of the tragedy and the behaviour of the royal establishment to underscore the heartlessness of the autocracy and the contemptible shallowness of the young tsar and his "German woman". While Nicholas was in somewhat of a bad mood due to days spent with "Uncle Bertie" the Prince of Wales shooting in bad weather while Nicholas suffered from a toothache,  Alexandra relished the time with her grandmother.
It was in fact, the last time that grandmother and granddaughter would see each other, and when Queen Victoria died in Januarypregnancy with her fourth daughter, Grand Duchess Anastasia, prevented Alexandra from attending the funeral in London.
Rejection by the Russian people[ edit ] Unlike her vivacious and popular mother-in-law, Alexandra was heartily disliked among her subjects. She came off as very cold and curt, although according to her and many other close friends, she was only terribly shy and nervous in front of the Russian people. She felt her feelings were bruised and battered from the Russians' "hateful" nature.
She was also frowned upon by the wealthy and poor alike for her distaste for Russian culture her embrace of Orthodoxy notwithstandingwhether it was the food or the manner of dancing.Rasputin Cures Alexei
She spoke Russian with a heavy accent. Her inability to produce a son also incensed the people. After the birth of the Grand Duchess Olga, her first-born child, Nicholas was reported to have said, "We are grateful she was a daughter; if she was a boy she would have belonged to the people, being a girl she belongs to us. The disappointment only increased with the birth of her subsequent daughters, Maria and Anastasia.
When her "sunbeam", the Tsarevich Alexeiwas born, she further isolated herself from the Russian court by spending nearly all of her time with him; his haemophilia did little to distance their close relationship.
She associated herself with more solitary figures such as Anna Vyrubova and the invalid Princess Sonia Orbeliani, rather than the "frivolous" young Russian aristocratic ladies. These women were constantly ignored by the "haughty" tsarina. Tuchman in The Guns of August writes of Alexandra as tsarina: Though it could hardly be said that the Czar governed Russia in a working sense, he ruled as an autocrat and was in turn ruled by his strong-willed if weak-witted wife.
Beautiful, hysterical, and morbidly suspicious, she hated everyone but her immediate family and a series of fanatic or lunatic charlatans who offered comfort to her desperate soul. Through her, Alexandra was introduced to a mystic by the name of Philippe Nizier-Vachot in Philippe enjoyed a brief influence over the imperial couple, until he was exposed as a charlatan in and was expelled from Russia.
Imperial interference in the canonisation process, which forced the Church to disregard the established rules regarding canonisation, led to an outcry from both laity and clergy alike.
Alexandra lived mainly as a recluse during her husband's reign. She also was reported to have had a terrible relationship with her mother-in-law, Maria Feodorovna. The Dowager Empress had tried to assist Alexandra in learning about the position of empress, but was shunned by the younger woman. Unlike other European courts of the day, in the Russian court, the position of Dowager Empress was senior in rank and precedence to that of the tsarina—a rule that Maria, with the support of Nicholas II, enforced strictly.
At royal balls and other formal Imperial gatherings, Maria would enter on her son's arm, and Alexandra would silently trail behind them according to court protocol. It did not help that Maria tended to be extremely possessive of her sons.
history - Did Rasputin have an affair with Tsarina Alexandra Feodorovna? - Skeptics Stack Exchange
In addition, Alexandra resented the ostentatiously considerate treatment of Maria by her husband the tsar, which only slightly evaporated after the birth of their five children. For Maria's part, she did not approve of her son's marriage to a German bride and was appalled at her daughter-in-law's inability to win favour with the Russian people.
In addition, Maria had spent seventeen years in Russia prior to her coronation with Alexander III; Alexandra had a scarce month to learn the rules of the Russian court which she seldom ever followedand this might have contributed to her unpopularity. Alexandra at least was astute enough not to criticise openly the woman she publicly referred to as "Mother dear.
Alexandra disliked in particular the family of Nicholas's senior uncle, Grand Duke Vladimir Alexandrovichand his wife, Grand Duchess Marie Pavlovnawho, during the war, openly criticized the Empress. She considered their sons KyrillBoris and Andrei to be irredeemably immoral, and in refused Boris's proposal for the hand of Grand Duchess Olga.
Alexandra Feodorovna (Alix of Hesse)
Alexandra was very supportive of her husband, yet often gave him extreme advice. She was a fervent advocate of the " divine right of kings " and believed that it was unnecessary to attempt to secure the approval of the people, according to her aunt, Empress Frederick of Germanywho wrote to Queen Victoria that "Alix is very imperious and will always insist on having her own way; she will never yield one iota of power she will imagine she wields Her assassination, according to the daughter of the British ambassador, was openly spoken of in aristocratic drawing rooms as the only way of saving the Empire.
Alexandra proved to be a fertile bride and three more girls followed Olga in the next five years: Three more years passed before the Empress gave birth to the long-awaited heir: