Nepal: India-Nepal relations back on track in - The Economic Times
With Nepal's Prime Minister KP Oli visiting India from April , it's time Like I said before, India and Nepal share a very special relationship. In April, President Bidhya Devi Bhandari made her first abroad trip to India- Nepal relations were back on track in with the high-level. Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi's recent trip to Nepal showed promise for repairing bilateral relations, but it will take more than just visits to.
Fresh elections were held for a new Constituent Assembly in Nepal has been traditionally ruled by individuals from the hill elites groups Bahuns and Chhetris largely who constitute 29 per cent of the population. Madhesis inhabit the Terai, the plains bordering India, and constitute 35 per cent of the population.
The Madhesis are a marginalised group that share strong kinship ties with the Indian communities across the border, which is why the kilometre-long divide between the two countries is an open border.
The new constitution was adopted in Septembereven as the Terai erupted in protests that claimed nearly 45 lives.
The movement of goods across the India—Nepal border came to a standstill, which led to acute shortages of essentials like petroleum products, LPG and medical supplies. Oli blamed India for imposing an economic blockade, while India blamed the deteriorating law and order situation in the Terai for inhibiting truck movement.
After a constitutional amendment in Nepal in early to address some of the Madhesi issues, border movements returned to normal but the distrust continued.
These resulted in a victory for UML in an alliance with the Maoists. Both Modi and Oli have realised that the time has come to repair the relationship. Meanwhile Oli scripted a comfortable win for the Leftist coalition in the first election in Nepal after the promulgation of the Constitution; riding on his anti-India and pro-China tilt.
Oli’s Visit: India needs to recalibrate its approach to Nepal and accept realities
He became the Prime Minister for the second time in February this year. But just when voters expected him to step up the anti-India policy stance; Oli changed his tack. Apart from entering a host of bilateral agreements, including the ambitious river transport deal; Oli promised cooperation for India-sponsored projects.
New Delhi, however, continued its development cooperation commitments as was evident in the rising graph of electricity exports from India over the last four years. In his second term, Oli has made concerted efforts to improve ties. On Wednesday, the Satluj Jal Vidyut Nigam Ltd got the much awaited generation license and on Friday both the leaders will lay the foundation stone for the project.
India–Nepal relations - Wikipedia
A survey will be launched soon in this regard. India-sponsored Raxaul-Birgaunj integrated check-post became operational last month. Work has also started for the laying of an oil pipeline to Nepal. He puts particular emphasis on the scheduled foundation stone laying for India-sponsored Police Academy near Kathmandu.Desh Deshantar : भारत-नेपाल: उम्मीदें - Nepalese PM KP Oli's India visit
Power brings prudence It is interesting to see why Oli made this U-turn, given that he was voted to power promising to shun dependence on India and turning more towards China. China is not only building scores of hydro-electric projects, airports and other infrastructure but also investing heavily in opinion building in Nepal. Unofficial estimates suggest, there are at least half a dozen institutes in Nepal researching on China- centric issues and delegations of journalists, businessmen, academicians etc are visiting China almost on a weekly basis.
Power, they say, has made Oli prudent. Indian officials suspect that a major part of the third country imports are way above the consumption potential of Nepal and is re-routed to India through the long unfenced border and gold tops this list. The dependence is highest in services.
India-Nepal relations back on track in 2017
The Nepalese enjoy equal rights to Indian citizens. They not only join the Indian Army; but also the civil services.
True, India gains immensely from this deep cooperation.