Moshoeshoe I - Wikipedia
The emergence of the sotho kingdom under moshoeshoe and his relationship with his neighbours essay. Under Moshoeshoe I the Basotho - who had adopted . The kingdom was founded by Moshoeshoe I, who faced by Boer he sought to maintain cordial relations with all his neighbors, even paying. Moshoeshoe (c. – 11 March ) was born at Menkhoaneng in the northern part of relations as well as some clans including the Amazizi, established his village at Butha-Buthe, It was marked by aggression against the Sotho people by the invading Nguni clans. Moshoeshoe brought them to his kingdom.
They were absorbed to form the Basotho nation, and shared sesotho customs, language and culture.
Moshweshwe welded together fragmented Basotho communities round aboutduring the Mfecane Wars. He built them together into a unified people.
Thus the Basotho kingship was born. Lesotho was established in Moshweshwe placed Paulos Mopeli as morena wasebaka1 at Mabolela, east of present day Ladybrand. Moshoeshoe, seeking in the s to protect his people from the worst ravages of the difaqane, fortified a large mesa, Thaba Bosiu, that proved impregnable to attack for decades thereafter.
With this natural fortress as his base, he built a large kingdom, welcomed in particular refugees from famine and wars elsewhere, and provided them with food and shelter. These refugees, once incorporated into the state, were considered Sotho like their hosts; thus, as with the Zulu, ever larger numbers were integrated into a group with a consolidated ethnic identity, a practice that furthered the process of nation building.
Moshoeshoe also sought to strengthen his kingdom militarily, especially by acquiring guns and horses from the Cape. A superb diplomat, he sought to maintain cordial relations with all his neighbors, even paying tribute on occasion to Shaka and seeking always to avoid war. Believing that they could act as emissaries on his behalf to the intruding European powers while also teaching his children to read and write, he welcomed French Protestant missionaries as potential allies.
In Moshoeshoe shifted his headquarters to a more easily defensible hilltop called Thaba-Bosiu.
Sotho Kingdom / Basutoland
Under Moshoeshoe I the Basotho - who had adopted horses and guns from their erstwhile opponents - inflicted some sharp defeats on their European enemies. By the mids, Moshoeshoe's kingdom comprised about 30, people and was the largest state on the southern Highveld. Guns were introduced with the arrival of the Dutch from the Cape Colony and Moshoeshoe determined that he needed these and a white advisor.
From other tribes, he heard of the benefits missionaries brought. By chance, three representatives of the Society arrived in the heart of southern Africa: Moshoeshoe brought them to his kingdom. From to Casalis played the role of Moshoeshoe's Foreign Advisor.
The emergence of the sotho kingdom under moshoeshoe and his relationship with his neighbours essay
With his knowledge of the non-African world, he was able to inform and advise the king in his dealings with hostile foreigners. He also served as an interpreter for Moshoeshoe in his dealings with white people, and documented the Sesotho language. In the late s, Boer trekkers from the Cape Colony showed up on the western borders of Basutoland and subsequently claimed land rights.
The trekkers' pioneer in this area was Jan de Winnaarwho settled in the Matlakeng area in May—June As more farmers were moving into the area they tried to colonise the land between the two rivers, even north of the Caledonclaiming that it had been "abandoned" by the Sotho people.
Moshoeshoe, when hearing of the trekker settlement above the junction, stated that " The next 30 years were marked by conflicts.
Among the provisions of this treaty was the annexation of a tract of land now called the Orange River Sovereignty that many Boers had settled. The outraged Boers were suppressed in a brief skirmish inbut remained bitter at both the British and the Sotho.King Moshoeshoe: Founder of the Basotho Nation
A British force was defeated by the Sotho army at Kolonyama, touching off an embarrassing war for the British. After repulsing another British attack inMoshoeshoe sent an appeal to the British commander that allowed him to save face.
Once again, diplomacy saved the Sotho kingdom.
After a final defeat of the Tloka inMoshoeshoe reigned supreme. However, the British pulled out of the region incausing the de facto formation of two independent states: In Moshoeshoe defeated the Boers in the Free State—Basotho War and in Moshoeshoe lost a great portion of the western lowlands.
The last war in ended only when the British and Moshoeshoe appealed to Queen Victoriawho agreed to make Basutoland a British protectorate in The British were eager to check Boer advances, and Moshoeshoe, with advice from Eugene Casalis, realised that continued pressure from the Boers would lead to the destruction of his kingdom.
It defined the boundaries of Basutoland and later Lesotho; those boundaries have not changed. The arable land west of the Caledon River remained in Boer hands, and is referred to as the Lost or Conquered Territory.