Annas and Caiaphas
Caiaphas was the son-in-law of Annas, high priest from 6 to 15 C.E. and head of a many Jews resented the close relationship that high priest maintained with. 2 speaks of two high priests, Annas and Caiaphas. The mention 13, 24, 28, in connection with the crucifixion of Jesus, though not by Mark and Luke. After his. Two High Priests are mentioned during Jesus public ministry - Annas and Caiaphas. The high priest was taken from the Sadducees They figure prominently into.
A high priest who was incapable of controlling the messianic impulse to restore Israel's national sovereignty could not expect to remain in office long.
Caiaphas quickly made the appropriate political calculation, arguing, apparently against those who supported taking no action against Jesus: You do not realize that it is better for you that one man die for the people than that the whole nation perish" John John indicates that from this point onward, Caiaphas and his supporters looked for a means to apprehend Jesus and kill him.
An attempt to do deal with Jesus is also described in John 7, where Jesus is brought before the "chief priests and the Pharisees," apparently in a meeting of the Sanhedrin. Here, however, the faction opposed to Jesus does not prevail, as the majority agrees with the Pharisee Nicodemus that Jesus had done nothing worthy of condemnation John 7: The opportunity Caiaphas had sought finally presents itself after Jesus' triumphal entry into Jerusalemin which it became obvious that Jesus was presenting himself as the Messiahthe returning king of the Jews.
Who Were the High Priest's Annas and Caiaphas?
Jesus also took the dramatic step of violently overturning the money-changers' tables in the Temple courtyardan act in direct defiance of Caiaphas' authority, especially during the Passover festival, when the high priest had a very visible role. Meanwhile, a disagreement between Jesus and his disciples over the use of money led to Judas Iscariot 's going to the "chief priests," probably meaning Caiaphas and his associates, to denounce Jesus Mark With Judas' aid, Jesus was soon apprehended at the Garden of Gethsemane, as the disciples he had posted as guards slept instead of keeping watch.
Caiaphas at Jesus' trial The Gospels present differing accounts about the trial of Jesus and Caiaphas' role in it. Caiaphas is not mentioned in Luke's or Mark's account, while in the Gospel of John the trial is portrayed as a late-night interrogation conducted mainly by Caiaphas' father-in-law.
In the Gospel of Matthewit appears as a much larger event, but still conducted at irregular hours. The Gospel of John indicates that the Temple guards who arrested Jesus brought him to the home of Annas.
Jesus is also questioned by Annas, who is confusingly called "high priest," probably referring not to his current role but to his former office. When Jesus does not answer to the satisfaction of those present, one of his accusers strikes him in face for disrespecting Annas. After this, "Annas sent him, still bound, to Caiaphas the high priest" John All of this takes place late at night after Jesus' arrest, and in the morning Jesus' accusers take him from Caiaphas' house to the residence of Pontius Pilatewhere they charge him with treason against Rome for his claim to be the Messiah.
The trail of Jesus according to Matthew's account. There, he is heard by the "whole Sanhedrin," certainly an exaggeration, especially given the hour. Witnesses are brought forth who testify that Jesus has prophesied against the Temple.
Caiaphas then demands to know from Jesus whether he in fact claims to be the Messiah: Tell us if you are the Christ, the Son of God. In fact the claim to be the Messiah was not considered blasphemous, although it was certainly dangerous. As the crime of blasphemy is a "sin unto death," Caiaphas declares that Jesus is guilty of a capital offense. The accusers then beat Jesus and spit in his face.
However, the problem still remains that under Roman administration, Caiaphas lacks the authority to execute the death sentence, and the Romans are not interested in merely religious crimes under Jewish law.
Don Stewart :: Who Were the High Priest's Annas and Caiaphas?
Jesus next appears before Pilate. As with the Gospel of John, Caiaphas is not mentioned as being present, his accusers being identified as "the chief priests and the elders," apparently a coalition of Sadducees and Pharisees, though certainly not including Nicodemus and Joseph of Arimatheaboth identified as Sanhedrin members who supported Jesus. Caiaphas in the Book of Acts The only other mention of Caiaphas by name in the New Testament occurs in Acts 4where Peter and John are taken before Annas and Caiaphas after having healed a crippled man.
Luke here makes Annas the "high priest" with Caiaphas identified as part of his family. This may be a simple error, or it may reflect the fact that Annas was still referred to by his formal title and still enjoyed considerable authority as head of his priestly family.
Caiaphas - Wikipedia
Alternatively, the episode may take place several years later, when the younger Annas had become high priest, with Caiaphas attending as a former occupant of the office. In any case, the priests question the apostles' authority to perform such a miracle.
When Peter answers that Jesus of Nazareth is the source of their power, Caiaphas and the other priests are surprised at his eloquence, since he had no formal education. Not being able to deny that the miracle had occurred, they warn the apostles not to spread the name of Jesus. Peter and John, however, refuse to comply, saying, "We cannot keep quiet. We must speak about what we have seen and heard" Acts 4: In Acts 5, Caiaphas or another "high priest" convenes a session of the Sanhedrin to deal with the fact that Christians are still openly preaching in Jesus' name despite having been warned not to.
Some historians suggest that he had little choice. Others argue that Caiaphas saw Jesus as a threat to the existing religious order. He might have believed that if Jesus wasn't restrained or even executed that the Romans might end their relative tolerance of Jewish institutions.
High priests, including Caiaphas, were both respected and despised by the Jewish population. As the highest religious authority, they were seen as playing a critical role in religious life and the Sanhedrin. At the same time, however, many Jews resented the close relationship that high priest maintained with Roman authorities and suspected them of taking bribes or practicing other forms of corruption.
In the year 36 C. It seems likely that the cause of their dismissal was growing public unhappiness with their close cooperation.
Rome might have perceived the need for a conciliatory gesture to Jews whose sensibilities had been offended by the two leaders. Josephus described the high priests of the family of Annas as "heartless when they sit in judgment. His home almost certainly was constructed around a large courtyard. Archaeologists discovered in in a family tomb in Abu Tor, two miles south of Jerusalem, an ossuary, or bone box, containing on its side the name of Joseph Caiaphas, written in Aramaic.
The ossuary is assumed to be genuine. Pontius Pilate, Roman Prefect 26 C. During his ten-year tenure as prefect, Pilate had numerous confrontations with his Jewish subjects. According to Jewish historian Josephus, Pilate's decision to bring into the holy city of Jerusalem "by night and under cover effigies of Caesar" outraged Jews who considered the images idolatrous.
CAIAPHAS or CAIPHAS, JOSEPH
Jews carried their protest to Pilate's base in Caesaria. Pilate threatened the protesters with death, but when they appeared willing to accept martyrdom he relented and removed the offending images. Again according to Josephus, Pilate provoked another outcry from his Jewish subjects when he used Temple funds to build an aqueduct.
It seems likely that at the time of the trial of Jesus, civil unrest had again broken out in Jerusalem. Pilate's lack of concern for Jewish sensibilities was accompanied, according to Philo writing in 41 C.
E, by corruption and brutality. Philo wrote that Pilate's tenure was associated with "briberies, insults, robberies, outrages, wanton injustices, constantly repeated executions without trial, and ceaseless and grievous cruelty.The Testimony of Caiaphas regarding the Resurrection of Jesus Christ
Although Pilate spent most of his time in the coastal town of Caesaria, he traveled to Jerusalem for important Jewish festivals.