Mariam-uz-Zamani - Wikipedia
Genealogy for Mariam-uz-Zamani (Dª. Wife of The Great Akbar I "The moment Akbar cast his eyes on year-old Maria, he fell in love with. Jodha Bai was given the title "Mariam-uz-Zamani" after her marriage to Emperor Akbar. She was also recognized as the Chief Hindu Mughal Queen Consort and . Mariam-uz-Zamani c. – 19 May ) was a wife of Emperor Akbar. Her actual name is unknown, but in an 18th-century.
Although her actual name is not known, an 18th-century genealogy of Kachwaha Rajputs, the clan she belonged to, refers her as Harkhan Champavati. She is also known by names Hira Kunwari, Harkha Bai and Jodha Bai, the latter points out that by birth she might have been a princess of Jodhpur. The marriage was a significant event in the history of the Mughal Empire as it brought about a progressive change in the Mughal religious and social policies that were more benevolent to the multi-ethnic and multi-denominational empire.
Amer, later known as Jaipur, is in modern-day state of Rajasthan, in India. Bihari Mal once helped Mughal commandment Majnun Khan Qaqshal in and after hearing about it Akbar sent invitation to Bihari Mal to come to his Delhi court and rewarded him.
Mirza invaded Amer and overpowered Bihari Mal and the Kachwahas who were forced to leave Amer and stay in the hills and forests. Although Bihari Mal promised to pay peshkash fixed tribute to Mirza and gave his son Jagannath and two nephews Khangar Singh and Raj Singh to the latter as hostages for the due payment, Mirza still readied himself for a repeat invasion to Amer.
On January 20,Bihari Mal met the emperor at his camp at Sanganer.
The marriage ceremony of Akbar and Hira Kunwari was also held in Sambhar at the imperial military camp on February 6, Matrimonial alliances were also established with Akbar by other Rajput kingdoms. Though neither of the Rajput wives of Akbar took a political role in the Mughal court, he respected such matrimonial alliances and treated his Hindu relatives on par with his Muslim relatives in all respects, however with exception of dining and praying with him or in taking Muslim wives.
He never forced his Hindu wives to convert to Islam and allowed the Hindu women of his harem to conduct religious ceremonies and observances in the palace and on certain occasions he would also participate in such rituals. Thus Hira Kunwari remained a Hindu by faith.
Mariam-uz-Zamani – Life History & Facts on Akbar’s Wife
Chisti blessed Akbar and promised him three sons. So when Akbar got the news in that his first Hindu wife was expecting a child, he hoped the birth of the first of his three sons as promised by the revered holy man Chisti. Akbar then sent Hira Kunwari to the dwelling of Chisti in Sikri to stay there till childbirth. On August 30,Hira Kunwari gave birth to a boy who was named Salim by his father out of his gratitude and honour towards the holy man.
Akbar made such marriages respectable for Rajputs. An expectant Heer was sent to Sheikh's humble dwelling at Sikri during the period of her pregnancy. On 30 Augustthe boy was born and received the name Salim, in acknowledgement of his father's faith in the efficacy of the holy man's prayer. Though she remained a HinduJodhabai was honoured with the title Mariam-uz-Zamani "Mary of the Age" after she gave birth to Jahangir.
Of twenty-seven Rajputs in Abu'l-Fazl list of mansabdars, thirteen were of Amber clan, and some of them rose to positions as high as that of imperial princes. Raja Bhagwan Dasfor instance, became commander ofthe highest position available at that time, and bore the proud title Amir-ul-Umara Chief Noble.
Jodhabai: More than Akbar’s wife
His son, Man Singh Irose even higher to become commander of Around the time Ranthambore submitted, Kalinjar surrendered to the Muhgals, within three months, JodhpurBikaner and Jaisalmer also submitted, with the royal families of Jodhpur and Jaisalmer offering princesses to the Mughal harem. When the Portuguese officially refused to return the ship and the passengers, the outcry at the Moghul court was quite unusually severe.
The outrage was compounded by the fact that the owner and the patron of the ship was none other than the revered mother of the current emperor. Mariam-uz-Zamani's son, the Indian emperor Jahangir, ordered the seizure of the Portuguese town Daman.
Jodhabai: More than Akbar’s wife - Livemint
This episode is considered to be an example of the struggle for wealth that would later ensue and lead to colonization of the Indian sub-continent. A number of royal functions took place in the household of Mariam-uz-Zamani like Jahangir's solar weighing,  Jahangir's marriage to daughter of Jagat Singh,  and Shehzada Parviz 's wedding to daughter of Sultan Murad Mirza.
The grave itself is underground with a flight of steps leading to it. Her tomb, built in —27, is on the Tantpur road now known as in Jyoti Nagar. Mariam's Tombcommissioned by her son, is only a kilometre from Tomb of Akbar the Great. In popular culture[ edit ] Wikimedia Commons has media related to Mariam uz-Zamani.Historia Maxima: Visiting Jodhaa (Mariam uz Zamani), Akbar's Wife, in India
Aishwarya Rai played Jodha Bai.