Cultural and Religious differences: Pashtun vs. Hazara; Sunni vs. Shi’a by William Quach on Prezi
The origins of the Hazara are disputed, though there are three primary Dog Refuses To Give Birth, Vet Sees Ultrasound and Realizes WhyGraduatez differences between the Pashtun and Baluch Muslims and hazara. An even greater division between the two religious branches occured when Husayn was captured and murdered by the Sunni. How are the relations between the Hazara and the Pashtun? I mean MY GOD, Hazaras are kidnapped and killed by ISIS and the government (pashtuns) do.
Desperate journeys - persecuted Hazara flee Afghanistan Hazara activists say the government does not protect the interests of the Hazaras.
Parts of central Afghanistan, like Bamiyan, the unofficial Hazara capital, are among the country's poorest, often lacking basic facilities and electricity. In March, Hazaras held a protest in Kabul against the government's decision to move a proposed power line project out of Bamiyan, arguing that the decision was yet another form of ethnic discrimination.
Hazara Afghans are among the millions of refugees fleeing to Europe in search of a better future.
Afghanistan: Who are the Hazaras? | Taliban | Al Jazeera
While many Hazaras fled to Shia Iran, those who remained risked violence and even death. One of the most brutal events took place in the city of Mazar-i-Sharif inwhen thousands of Hazaras were systematically executed, according to a Human Rights Watch report.
Hazaras under threat Although Afghanistan is no longer under Taliban rule, growing insecurity has unsettled many. Last November, a group swearing allegiance to ISIL abducted and killed seven civilians, including women and children, in the southern province of Zabul.
Most people remember that in February of the Taliban demolished the great Bamiyan Buddhas. These two enormous Buddhas were hewn into the cliff face by Hazaras six or seven hundred years ago, because when the Hazaras arrived in Afghanistan they were Buddhist.Tajik Vs Hazara Vs Pashtun Beauty Contest
Today Hazaras are easily recognised, because they are distinctly Asian in appearance. They are thought to be the descendants of Genghis Khan. They have been targeted by the Pashtun majority in Afghanistan for a long time, certainly since the time of King Abdurrahman inbut they are especially persecuted under the Taliban. The Taliban, who are all Pashtun, are Sunni Muslim. In Afghanistan, and increasingly in lawless areas of Pakistan, relations between the two Muslim groups bring to mind the oppression of Roman Catholics in late 16th and early 17th century England, or more recently in Northern Ireland.
And so we have the unfortunate spectacle of a religious minority who are hated by the religious majority, who look physically different and, adding a historical resonance, Hazara men are circumcised.
Pashtun animosity of the Hazaras increased during the Soviet occupation of Afghanistan. Hazaras had traditionally been excluded from higher education girls were not allowed to be educated at allbut the Soviets thought all people should be entitled to an education. The Hazaras welcomed this and sided with the Soviets. The Americans, in pursuit of their goal of ousting the Soviets, set up a fighting force and armed them. They were the Taliban, drawn from the Pashtun majority. The Taliban thus have historical, political and religious reasons for hating the Hazaras, and they have been peculiarly brutal in their assault.
On 8 August the Taliban occupied Mazar-e Sharif. They conducted a murderous spree which lasted three days and killed at least Hazaras. In the years since, there have been many reported instances of attacks by Taliban on Hazarasboth in Afghanistan and in Pakistan, especially Quetta.
It is part of the territory the Hazarajat which was traditionally occupied by Hazaras before English cartographers created Afghanistan and, later, Pakistan.
- Afghanistan: Who are the Hazaras?
It is natural therefore that many Hazaras move from Afghanistan to Quetta. One part of Quetta is largely a Hazara ghetto.
But the Taliban are increasingly uncontrolled in Pakistan, and Hazaras who live in Quetta face the daily risk of being killed by a suicide bomber or shot by a Taliban sniper. Three Hazara friends of mine who came here as boat people but are now Australian citizens recently went to Quetta to visit family members.
They returned to Australia shocked by what they had seen: They saw taxi drivers refuse to pick up Hazaras, for fear of being caught in an ambush. Recent news reports tell a consistent story. People making a pilgrimage religious journey are expected to sacrifice a goat or sheep and offer the meat to the poor.
Special celebrations involving passages to a new stage of life include circumcision for young boys, weddings, and funerals. Once girls reach puberty, they are required to cover their hair with scarves and to spend more of their time indoors. Marriages are arranged by the families of the bride and groom. When a daughter is married, she moves in with her husband's family. They prepare special food for their guests, who are honored with the best seats at mealtime.
Most Hazaras eat with their hands, rarely using utensils such as forks and knives.
However, their living conditions vary depending on their location. Conditions are more harsh for those living in cold climates, where shelter is a greater concern, travel is difficult, and agriculture is poor. Newborn babies are usually named by the older people of the household. Grandparents are actively involved in raising their grandchildren. After the death of the grandparents, especially the grandfather, the sons usually begin living in separate households of their own.
Men wear turbans, vests, overcoats, and sweaters over their perahan-u-tunbans. Their clothing is usually made from wool or cotton. Unlike the men, who wear plain-colored clothes, the women usually wear clothes with bright colors and designs.
Women usually wear lighter-weight clothes because they remain indoors more of the time. Hazaras do not own large amounts of clothing. They use plenty of oil when cooking. Usually a meal consists of one type of food, rather than a wide selection. However, a variety of foods may be served at meals when guests are present, or may be served in wealthier Hazara households.
The traditional system provides religious instruction and informal home education in practical tasks, according to whether the student is a girl or a boy.