Entity–relationship model - Wikipedia
An entity–relationship model (ER model for short) describes interrelated things of interest in a specific domain of. There are three basic elements in an ER Diagram: entity, attribute, relationship. There are more elements. Entities are typically nouns such as product, customer, location, or promotion. There are three types of entities commonly used in entity relationship diagrams.
See Entity-Relationship Modelling 2 for details.
Entity—relationships and semantic modeling[ edit ] Semantic model[ edit ] A semantic model is a model of concepts, it is sometimes called a "platform independent model".
It is an intensional model. At the latest since Carnapit is well known that: The first part comprises the embedding of a concept in the world of concepts as a whole, i.
The second part establishes the referential meaning of the concept, i.
Extension model[ edit ] An extensional model is one that maps to the elements of a particular methodology or technology, and is thus a "platform specific model". The UML specification explicitly states that associations in class models are extensional and this is in fact self-evident by considering the extensive array of additional "adornments" provided by the specification over and above those provided by any of the prior candidate "semantic modelling languages".
It incorporates some of the important semantic information about the real world. Plato himself associates knowledge with the apprehension of unchanging Forms The forms, according to Socrates, are roughly speaking archetypes or abstract representations of the many types of things, and properties and their relationships to one another.
Limitations[ edit ] ER assume information content that can readily be represented in a relational database. They describe only a relational structure for this information.
They are inadequate for systems in which the information cannot readily be represented in relational form[ citation needed ], such as with semi-structured data. For many systems, possible changes to information contained are nontrivial and important enough to warrant explicit specification. An alternative is to model change separately, using a process modeling technique. Additional techniques can be used for other aspects of systems.
For instance, ER models roughly correspond to just 1 of the 14 different modeling techniques offered by UML. Even where it is suitable in principle, ER modeling is rarely used as a separate activity.
One reason for this is today's abundance of tools to support diagramming and other design support directly on relational database management systems.
These tools can readily extract database diagrams that are very close to ER diagrams from existing databases, and they provide alternative views on the information contained in such diagrams. In a survey, Brodie and Liu  could not find a single instance of entity—relationship modeling inside a sample of ten Fortune companies.
Badia and Lemire  blame this lack of use on the lack of guidance but also on the lack of benefits, such as lack of support for data integration.
The enhanced entity—relationship model EER modeling introduces several concepts not in ER modeling, but are closely related to object-oriented design, like is-a relationships. One of the most common ways to do it is to create an entity relationship diagram, and to put appropriate symbols on it. It is important either for database projecting and for its' future maintenance.
Entity Relationship Diagram describes data elements and their relationships within a database.
Entity Relationship Diagram Symbols | Professional ERD Drawing
There are a set of special symbols that depict each element of an entity relationship diagram. Entities - represents some stable components such as supplier, employee, invoice, client, etc. Relation symbols show how the entities interact. Attributes define characteristics of the relationships. Attributes can be one-to-one or many-to-many. Physical symbols is used in the physical models. They represent items such as fields, tables, types and keys.
ERD physical symbols are the building material for the database. Notation lines are used to illustrate the relationships. There are three main components of any ER diagram: Basing on these three components, one can define other, less used elements, such as weak entity or relationship, derived attribute, recursive relationship etc. This is the set of graphic elements of ERD Chen's notation.
It involves the set of geometric forms: Connections are displayed with arrowed lines. It is known that the Chen's ERD notation is used to show a detailed view of entities and relationships.
Using special symbols described in ERD notations you can depict a database of any complexity. The vector graphic ER diagrams produced when using ConceptDraw ERD solution can be used in whitepapers, presentations, datasheets, posters, or any technical materials.
An entity-relationship ER diagram is used to show the structure of a business database.