The Incredible Story Of Chanakya’s Revenge Which Brought Down An Entire Empire
Chanakya is one of the greatest teachers who taught 'Arthshastra', an ancient Indian The relationship between Chandragupta and Chanakya bloomed through the years Chanakya firstly tested the policy of attacking the core of the city. 51 Views · What is the relation between porus and chandragupta? Chanakya tested him many ways to test whether he is fit for a ruler, he passed in every test. Chanakya was an ancient Indian teacher, philosopher, economist, jurist and royal advisor. Chanakya assisted the first Mauryan emperor Chandragupta in his rise to power. . To test him, Chanakya asked him for a donation. Chanakya approved the marriage, and Parvataka collapsed when he touched the girl during.
They attacked Dhanananda's capital - Pataliputra. They managed to evade capture and one day, under disguise, while wandering the city, they overheard a mother scold her child for eating his cake from the center and wasting the edges. On learning their lesson, they took the right course and captured areas around the capital city first.
Soon they marched on to Pataliputra and overthrew Dhanananda. Chandragupta was appointed king and Chanakya persuaded a fisherman to reveal the location of Dhanananda's treasury and had the fisherman killed. His revenge was complete. A king's servant disrespected Chanakya and threw him out, so he came back with Chandragupta to dethrone him. According to the Jains, the monks claimed Chanakya was born to be the power behind a throne as he had a full set of teeth.
His father, fearing that he might get arrogant broke his teeth. Chanakya, married a Brahmin woman, who was often ridiculed for marrying a poor man. Chanakya had heard rumours of Dhanananda being generous towards Brahmins. So, seeking donation, he went to visit him. While waiting for the king, he sat on his throne.
A servant offered him a different seat. But Chanakya simply placed his water pot on it and did not leave the throne. More offers of other seats were met by more objects being placed on them. He knew of the prophecy the monks had made and plotted his revenge. He helped a pregnant lady in the forest on the condition that her son would belong to him. That kid was Chandragupta. Chandragupta's conviction as king while playing his friends proved his worth to Chanakya.
The rest of the story is pretty similar. In this version, they overheard the mother scolding her son for putting his finger in the middle of some hot porridge. She said he should have started with the cooler areas around the edges and compared it to Chandragupta's failed plot. This time they made allies nearby and invaded villages around the capital. As Chanakya was moving along the streets of Patliputra, he saw little Chandragupta enacting the king. Sitting on the large throne, the little boy shouted against injustice and corrupt practices of the kings and people in general.
For seven or eight years Chandragupta had his education there, and that too with selected teachers shortlisted by Chanakya himself. The art of warfare and the art of governance were mastered by Chandragupta with equal expertise. The Greek invader The relationship between Chandragupta and Chanakya bloomed through the years developing into a strong force for their enemies.
Most of the historical events took place right under the eyes of Chanakya and Chandragupta. The troops of Alexander and the umpteen number of invaders who ravaged the subcontinent for decades around India.
It is said that Chandragupta met Alexander. The bold and arrogant talk by Chandragupta enraged Alexander as a result of which Chandragupta was arrested. Chanakya closely observed the movement and strategies employed by Alexander. He also became aware of the weaknesses of the Indian rulers.
Freedom from the Greeks The rustic boy that Chandragupta was, now had matured into a sound military commander. The source of strength for Chandragupta and his army was the power of mind and the towering personality of Chanakya.
In that war of independence for northern India, Chandragupta was the physical instrument, while its thinking brain was Chanakya.
The deterioration of the prowess of Alexander happened because of the weakening of Satraps or the commanding officers. Niccosar, a Satrap was killed even when Alexander was alive. Another formidable Satrap called Philip, was killed weakening Alexander like never before.
No realm east of the Indus — the River Sindhu was mentioned in that settlement. It meant that the Greeks themselves had accepted that this region had gone out of their rule.
Defeat of the Nanda king Before defeating the Nandas, Chanakya had to employ various strategies before victory. Chanakya firstly tested the policy of attacking the core of the city. The policy met with defeats again and again. With the change in strategy, Chanakya and Chandragupta began the attack on the borders of the Magadha Empire. Again there were mistakes. The troops were not stationed in the areas conquered.
So when they marched forward, the people of the conquered areas joined together again and encircled their army. Thus those who had been defeated had to be fought again and again Chandragupta and Chanakya learnt lessons from these mistakes.
Learning by Comparison – Alexander – Aristotle Vs Chandragupta – Chanakya
They now stationed troops in the conquered regions. So those enemies would not raise and cause any trouble. Chanakya with his cleverness had earlier won the friendship of king Parvataka or Porus Second.
Now Parvataka, his brother Vairochaka and son Malayeketu came with their armies to help them. The Nanda king had the support of a big army. The other equally important support was the guidance of his very able minister, Amatya Rakshasa. This minister was very intelligent and had unlimited loyalty to the king. Chanakya knew that getting Amatya out of his way was the only way of defeating King Nanda.
Chanakya devised a plan which involved planting of spies in the enemy camp. In a very short span of time, the weaknesses of the Nandas became visible. Parallely, the Nandas and Amatya Rakshasa made plans to counter any attacks by Chanakya. Details are not available regarding the war between the Nandas on the one hand and Chandragupta and Chanakya on the other.
But it was a keen and bitter fight. The Nanda king died. His sons and relatives also died.
Chanakya’s a life story and struggle of a teacher | hinduthetruth
Even Amatya Rakshasa was helpless. Chandragupta was victorious proving the foresight of Chanakya regarding his abilities. The old king and his wife retired to the forest. It is said that after sometime Chanakya had the old king and his wife killedbecause he thought that if Amatya Rakshasa made them take a son by the rights of adoption, there would be claimants to the throne. He wanted the lineage of the Nandas should be totally eliminated.
The true aspect of Chanakya The momentous life of Chanakya reminds us of a revengeful saga where the individual is obsessed by the idea of taking revenge. But personal revenge was not the aim of Chanakya. He wanted that the kingdom should be secure and that the administration should go on smoothly, bringing happiness to the people. He thought that there were two ways of ensuring the happiness of the people.
He has truly guided the generations with his wisdom. The administration of the kingdom is his religious duty. His greatest gift would be to treat all as equals. Their welfare is his welfare. A king should never think of his personal interest or welfare, but should try to find his joy in the joy of his subjects. And Chanakya is also another name for courage and perseverance. For centuries to come and the centuries that went by, which recorded in history talking of the great men and legendary characters who shaped time through their vision and exemplary actions.
Chanakya, perhaps is the only personality who has been accepted and revered as a genius both by Indian and Western scholars.
Celebrated as a shrewd statesman and a ruthless administrator, he comes across as the greatest of diplomats of the world. He had the guts to speak his heart out even in front of the rulers, which shows his strong inclination to democratic values and the audacity to put his views through. Although, he lived around the third century BC, his ideas and principles show concurrence and validity in the present day world.
Politics was his forte. Diplomacy in a politically charged environment shows his self-confidence and the ability to stay calm in trying situations. His foresight and wide knowledge coupled with politics of expediency founded the mighty Mauryan Empire in India.
He was a great laureate of economics with a glittering intellect to perceive the intricate dynamics of the various economic activities and principles. The centuries that succeeded him show distinct effects of his thoughts on the way a kingdom is managed and other facets of economic administration. Even today, one of his maxims on taxation is very much alive and calls for adherence by the governments of the world.
There should be leniency and caution while deciding the tax structure. Ideally, governments should collect taxes like a honeybee, which sucks just the right amount of honey from the flower so that both can survive. Chanakya, apart from being a man of wisdom and unfailing strategies, propounded Nitishastra, the ideal way of living for every individual of the society.
He looked at the country like a person surrounded by problems.
Relationship Between Chanakya and Chandragupta
He worked at the total annihilation of problems by the roots. The re-appearance of troubles only shows its growth. His contribution to foreign policy in the present day world is immense.
Universities teach his principles to aspiring foreign policy experts showing the infallability of his principles. Most of his views were so farsighted that they appeared to be prophesies. His views were dimensionally novel. He recommended even espionage and the liberal use of provocative agents as machineries of the state. The observance of morals and ethics was secondary to the interests of the ruler.
Chanakya then broke his sacred thread in anger, and cursed the king. He befriended Dhananada's son Pabbata, and instigated him to seize the throne. With help of a signet ring given by the prince, Chanakya fled the palace through a secret door. There, he made million gold coins kahapana s using a secret technique that allowed him to turn 1 coin into 8 coins. After hiding this money, he started searching for a person worthy of replacing Dhana Nanda.
The "robbers" were brought before Chandragupta, who ordered their limbs to be cut off, but then miraculously re-attached them. Chandragupta had been born in a royal family, but was brought up by a hunter after his father was killed by an usurper, and the devatas caused his mother to abandon him.
Astonished by his miraculous powers, Chanakya paid gold coins to his foster-father, and took him away promising to teach him a trade. He gave each of them an amulet to be worn around the neck with a woolen thread.
One day, he decided to test them. While Chandragupta was asleep, he asked Pabbata to remove Chandragupta's woolen thread without breaking it and without waking up Chandragupta.
Pabbata failed to accomplish this task. Some time later, when Pabbata was sleeping, Chanakya challenged Chandragupta to complete the same task. Chandragupta retrieved the woolen thread by cutting off Pabbata's head. For the next 7 years, Chanakya trained Chandragupta for royal duties.
When Chandragupta became an adult, Chanakya dug up his hidden treasure of gold coins, and assembled an army. While wandering in disguise, the two men once listened to the conversation between a woman and her son.
The child had eaten the middle of a cake, and thrown away the edges. The woman scolded him, saying that he was eating food like Chandragupta, who attacked the central part of the kingdom instead of conquering the border villages first. Chanakya and Chandragupta realized their mistake. They assembled a new army, and started conquering the border villages. Chanakya ordered a fisherman to find the place where Dhana Nanda had hidden his treasure.
As soon as the fishermen informed Chanakya about its location, Chanakya had him killed. Chandragupta, who was not aware of this, once shared the food with his pregnant queen, who was seven days away from delivery. Chanakya arrived just as the queen ate the poisoned morsel.
Realizing that she was going to die, Chanakya decided to save the unborn child. He cut off the queen's head and cut open her belly with a sword to take out the foetus. Over the next seven days, he placed the foetus in the belly of a goat freshly killed each day.
After seven days, Chandragupta's son was "born". He was named Bindusarabecause his body was spotted with drops "bindu" of goat's blood.
According to this account, Chanakya was afraid that the wise Subandhu would surpass him at Chandragupta's court. So, he got Chandragupta to imprison Subandhu, whose son Tekicchakani escaped and became a Buddhist monk.
According to him, Chanakya destroyed the nobles and kings of 16 towns and made Bindusara the master of all the territory between the eastern and the western seas Arabian Sea and the Bay of Bengal. The most well-known version of the Jain legend is contained in the Sthaviravali-Charita or Parishishta-Parvan, written by the 12th century writer Hemachandra.
These legends are contained in the commentaries churnis and tikas on canonical texts such as Uttaradhyayana and Avashyaka Niryukti. His birthplace was the Chanaka village in Golla vishaya region.
According to the monks, this was a sign that he would become a king in the future. Chanin did not want his son to become haughty, so he broke Chanakya's teeth. The monks then prophesied that the baby would go on to become a power behind the throne.
Her relatives mocked her for being married to a poor man. This motivated Chanakya to visit Pataliputraand seek donations from the king Nanda, who was famous for his generosity towards Brahmins. While waiting for the king at the royal court, Chanakya sat on the king's throne. A dasi servant girl courteously offered Chanakya the next seat, but Chanakya kept his kamandal water pot on it, while remaining seated on the throne. The servant then offered him four more seats, but each time, he kept his various items on the seats, refusing to budge from the throne.
Finally, the annoyed servant kicked him off the throne. An enraged Chanakya then vowed to uproot Nanda and his entire establishment, like "a great wind uproots a tree".
So, he started searching for a person worthy of being a king. While wandering, he did a favour for the pregnant daughter of a village chief, on the condition that her child would belong to him. Chandragupta was born to this lady. When Chandragupta grew up, Chanakya came to his village and saw him playing "king" among a group of boys. To test him, Chanakya asked him for a donation. The boy told Chanakya to take the cows nearby, declaring that nobody would disobey his order. This display of power convinced Chanakya that Chandragupta was the one worthy of being a king.
He assembled an army using the wealth he had acquired through alchemy dhatuvada-visaradan. The army suffered a severe defeat, forcing Chanakya and Chandragupta to flee the battlefield. They reached a lake while being pursued by an enemy officer. Chanakya asked Chandragupta to jump into the lake, and disguised himself as a meditating ascetic.
When the enemy soldier reached the lake, he asked the 'ascetic' if he had seen Chandragupta. Chanakya pointed at the lake. As the soldier removed his armour to jump into the lake, Chanakya took his sword and killed him.
When Chandragupta came out of the water, Chanakya asked him, "What went through your mind, when I disclosed your location to the enemy? This convinced Chanakya that Chandragupta would remain under his influence even after becoming the king. On another occasion, Chanakya similarly escaped the enemy by chasing away a washerman, and disguising himself as one.
Once, he cut open the belly of a Brahmin who had just eaten food, and took out the food to feed a hungry Chandragupta. The child had burnt his finger by putting it in the middle of a bowl of hot gruel. The woman told her son that by not starting from the cooler edges, he was being foolish like Chanakya, who attacked the capital before conquering the bordering regions. Chanakya realized his mistake, and made a new plan to defeat Nanda.
He formed an alliance with Parvataka, the king of a mountain kingdom called Himavatkuta, offering him half of Nanda's kingdom. One particular town offered a strong resistance. Chanakya entered this town disguised as a Shaivite mendicant, and declared that the siege would end if the idols of the seven mothers were removed from the town's temple. As soon as the superstitious defenders removed the idols from the temple, Chanakya ordered his army to end the siege.
When the defenders started celebrating their victory, Chanakya's army launched a surprise attack and captured the town. Finally, they captured Pataliputra and Chandragupta became the king.