As You Like It () - IMDb
Like all of Shakespeare's comedies, As You Like It begins with a serious As we can see here, Oliver, has taken a much tighter position with Orlando . this happy couple who banter wittily with Rosalind always keeping Orlando They arrange a time for this therapy session to take place, but at the appointed time, Orlando. As You Like It () is the last in a group of romantic comedies — the earlier ones Oliver in chivalric romance — ironically, since their relationship is sour and aggressive rather of therapy, explicitly practised by Rosalind upon Orlando . Here they lived like the old Robin Hood of England, and to this upon my body are true counsellors; they do not flatter, but represent The banished duke had an only daughter, named Rosalind, whom .. given to the marriage; and Orlando and Rosalind, Oliver and Celia, were married at the same time.
The Tempest is an excellent example of what we might characterize as a near fairly land existence. Of course the people in these settings remain very English, and the issues they deal with are also not only human problems but often very English problems. Most of As You Like It is set in the forest which Shakespeare shapes into a pastoral as well as forest landscape.
Shakespeare does not unduly idealize the pastoral as some writers did. It is not necessarily a place of infinite abundance, natural justice, and uncontested harmony. But it is way better than the climate of court intrigue from which our exiles have recently fled. Duke Senior, Rosalind's father, sets the tone at the beginning of Act II in his "Sweet are the uses of adversity" speech. Yes, life in the forest is without the creature comforts of the court, but it is more genuine and one feels more alive here than surrounded by the artifice of a stately palace.
In this opening scene of II we see some of the common attractions of the pastoral laid out for us: It is pointed out that Orlando is also missing, thus an all points bulletin goes out for each. His old servant, Adam, warns Orlando of that he is now on Frederick's most wanted list, urges him to flee, and says he will meet up with him later.
So the stage is now set for Orlando and Rosalind to meet and continue their friendship. Of course upon arriving in Ardenne Rosalind is now Ganymede, and in Shakespeare's theater cannot be or will not be recognized by Orlando despite Rosalind's frequent and broad hints of her identity. She and Celia accompanied by Touchstone soon meet Corin, an older shepherd and Sylvius, a youth in love.
But Corin points out that all is not idyllic in this idyllic scene. The pasture is for sale and soon he and Sylvius may be without a job.
Rosalind believes money is the answer to this problem and gladly expresses her willingness to supply funds for the purchase of the pasture, cottage, and all livestock.
Tales from Shakespeare/As You Like It - Wikisource, the free online library
Where the funds are to come from is not entirely clear; but as we are in a semi-fairyland, it probably makes no difference. We also get a glimpse of old Adam and Orlando who have now also entered the forest. And yet elsewhere we find Duke Senior with his group who have been looking for Jacques and now come upon him.
Jacques expresses his desire to become a fool who can speak his mind on any matters without fear of being censored or worse by his master. Fools and clowns are nearly ubiquitous characters in Shakespeare. We think of the fool in King Lear, the clown in Twelfth Night. There are other characters that play the roles of fools--Falstaff is a prime example. A good fool is quick witted with an agile mind and is unafraid to humorously offend. Fools were very popular in plays during an era of pointed censorship, sickening flattery, and autocratic domination at all levels of life.
Jacques is interrupted in his ruminations on foolery by a distressed and very hungry Orlando. He is cautioned that there is plenty of food in the forest, so Orlando leaves to find his servant, Adam that he might eat with Orlando. This interruption gives Jacques the opportunity to comment on the ages of man and the stages through with a man will pass during his life.
In II,7 lines is the most famous speech in As You Like It and certainly one of the most famous speeches in all of Shakespeare's works. It is not the only place where a character will reflect on life and the stage, but it is possibly the most penetrating and memorable instance. Back at court Duke Frederick is blaming Oliver for Orlando's escape and insists that Oliver find his brother.
Now that Orlando's immediate needs are satisfied he can direct all his attention to his infatuation with Rosalind. He is penning her love poems and placing them on trees where she might see them and carving his affections into the trees themselves. Touchstone's witty remarks at least partially summarize the urban response to rural life: Corin replies that the pastoral life is what it is.
What you see is what you get, and if one seeks money and means, he is in the wrong place. I like Corin's final summation: Rosalind is now seen reading the love notes scattered about the forest, and when Celia identifies the author as Orlando, Rosalind becomes very excited. Soon Orlando and Jacques wander into view and Celia and Rosalind hide behind some bushes to overhear their conversation, and it is a very strange and desultory.
Jacques is his usual pessimistic and depressing self, but Orlando is able to match his wit without humoring him. I think this is a humorous exchange, but most students are not actually holding their sides while reading it.
On stage if skillfully acted this scene can be very funny. There now follow more incidents of love making, as Elizabethans would refer to it. Orlando and Rosalind have a lengthy exchange.
We next meet Silvius, a shepherd, who loves Phoebe, a shepherdess. But with all the love making it is time for Jacques to reappear and throw his dark blanket over all in an effort to make everyone feel futile and depressed. Much as he tries Rosalind is having nothing of his depression and makes light humor of his remarks.
Tales from Shakespeare/As You Like It
Notice the way in which she refuses to take seriously his academic parsing of melancholy. When Orlando arrives Jacques exits realizing that he has nothing to say to this happy couple who banter wittily with Rosalind always keeping Orlando on the defensive. Here as elsewhere we may get the sense that Rosalind is overly talkative.
She seems to have an answer for everything Orlando, Jacques or anyone else says to her. Perhaps it is a legitimate criticism that "she talks too much. The audience could hardly get enough.
They were more language oriented than most Americans today. We are more interested in visual or auditory entertainment particularly in films or television shows. Apart from costuming, Shakespeare had almost no visual effects on stage. Music was by four or five musicians in the gallery and perhaps an occasional vocal number. There were no supper woofers booming in time with strobe lights.
That is she will be able to logically argue with him so that he will no longer suffer from love. They arrange a time for this therapy session to take place, but at the appointed time, Orlando does not appear. When he does show up, much to Rosalind's relief, but she roundly chastises him for his tardyness "I had as lief be wooed of a snail.
She asks the questions, Orlando gives honest answers, and Rosalind applies her formidable wit to explain why he is wrong: Now tell me how long you would have her after you have possessed her.
For ever and a day. Say 'a day,' without the 'ever. Maids are May when they are maids, but the sky changes when they are wives. And she continues on endlessly.
No matter what answers Orlando gives, Rosalind has an answer: The matter of time may need some clarification. In the Elizabethan period, clocks were relatively new developments. Pendulum clocks had not yet been invented, but there were spring loaded clocks individually hand made mostly in Germany and France. These clocks were probably not very accurate, but very expensive.
There were no watches and time was in rural areas was calculated more by the sun, and sometimes farm animals reactions to it, than by an accurate time piece. We saw references to time in other Shakespearean plays: Falstaff asks Hal what time it is. Richard says he wants things done by such a time, and now Rosalind makes a fuss of Orlando being late. But what was late? She tells him to meet her at 2: She says to be back in two hours, but who knows accurately when two hours have passed.
This old man went out to meet him when he returned from the duke's palace, and when he saw Orlando, the peril his dear young master was in made him break out into these passionate exclamations: Your praise is come too swiftly home before you. And then the old man told him how his wicked brother, envying the love all people bore him, and now hearing the fame he had gained by his victory in the duke's palace, intended to destroy him, by setting fire to his chamber that night; and in conclusion, advised him to escape the danger he was in by instant flight; and knowing Orlando had no money, Adam for that was the good old man's name had brought out with him his own little hoard, and he said: Here is the gold; all this I give to you: You are not for the fashion of these times.
We will go along together, and before your youthful wages are spent, I shall light upon some means for both our maintenance. They wandered on, seeking some human habitation, till they were almost spent with hunger and fatigue. Adam at last said: Orlando, seeing him in this weak state, took his old servant up in his arms, and carried him under the- shelter of some pleasant trees; and he said to him: Orlando, whom hunger had made desperate, drew his sword, intending to take their meat by force, and said: On this Orlando said, he was dying with hunger; and then the duke told him he was welcome to sit down and eat with them.
Orlando hearing him speak so gently, put up his sword, and blushed with shame at the rude manner in which he had demanded their food. The duke inquired who Orlando was; and when he found that he was the son of his old friend, Sir Rowland de Boys, he took him under his protection, and Orlando and his old servant lived with the duke in the forest. Orlando arrived in the forest not many days after Ganymede and Aliena came there, and as has been before related bought the shepherd's cottage.
Ganymede and Aliena were strangely surprised to find the name of Rosalind carved on the trees, and love-sonnets, fastened to them, all addressed to Rosalind; and while they were wondering how this could be, they met Orlando, and they perceived the chain which Rosalind had given him about his neck.
Orlando little thought that Ganymede was the fair princess Rosalind, who, by her noble condescension and favour, had so won his heart that he passed his whole time in carving her name upon the trees, and writing sonnets in praise of her beauty: If I could find this love, I would give him some good counsel that would soon cure him of his love.
The remedy Ganymede proposed, and the counsel he gave him, was that Orlando should come every day to the cottage where he and his sister Aliena dwelt: It does not appear, however, that Ganymede made any progress in curing Orlando of his love for Rosalind.
Though Orlando thought all this was but a sportive play not dreaming that Ganymede was his very Rosalindyet the opportunity it gave him of saying all the fond things he had in his heart, pleased his fancy almost as well as it did Ganymede's, who enjoyed the secret jest in knowing these fine love-speeches were all addressed to the right person.
In this manner many days passed pleasantly on with these young people; and the good-natured Aliena, seeing it made Ganymede happy, let him have his own way, and was diverted at the mock-courtship, and did not care to remind Ganymede that the Lady Rosalind had not yet made herself known to the duke her father, whose place of resort in the forest they had learnt from Orlando. Ganymede met the duke one day, and had some talk with him, and the duke asked of what parentage he came. Ganymede answered that he came of as good parentage as he did, which made the duke smile, for he did not suspect the pretty shepherd-boy came of royal lineage.
Then seeing the duke look well and happy, Ganymede was content to put off all further explanation for a few days longer. One morning, as Orlando was going to visit Ganymede, he saw a man lying asleep on the ground, and a large green snake had twisted itself about his neck.Knife Fight scene between Oliver and Orlando, "As You Like It" by Shakespeare
The snake, seeing Orlando approach, glided away among the bushes. Orlando went nearer, and then he discovered a lioness lie crouching, with her head on the ground, with a cat-like watch, waiting until the sleeping man awaked for it is said that lions will prey on nothing that is dead or sleeping.
It seemed as if Orlando was sent by Providence to free the man from the danger of the snake and lioness; but when Orlando looked in the man's face, he perceived that the sleeper who was exposed to this double peril, was his own brother Oliver, who had so cruelly used him, and had threatened to destroy him by fire; and he was almost tempted to leave him a prey to the hungry lioness; but brotherly affection and the gentleness of his nature soon overcame his first anger against his brother; and he drew his sword, and attacked the lioness, and slew her, and thus preserved his brother's life both from the venomous snake and from the furious lioness; but before Orlando could conquer the lioness, she had torn one of his arms with her sharp claws.
While Orlando was engaged with the lioness, Oliver awaked, and perceiving that his brother Orlando, whom he had so cruelly treated, was saving him from the fury of a wild beast at the risk of his own life, shame and remorse at once seized him, and he repented of his unworthy conduct, and besought with many tears his brother's pardon for the injuries he had done him.
Orlando rejoiced to see him so penitent, and readily forgave him: The wound in Orlando's arm having bled very much, he found himself too weak to go to visit Ganymede, and therefore he desired his brother to go and tell Ganymede, 'whom,' said Orlando, 'I in sport do call my Rosalind,' the accident which had befallen him.
Thither then Oliver went, and told to Ganymede and Aliena how Orlando had saved his life: The sincere sorrow that Oliver expressed for his offences made such a lively impression on the kind heart of Aliena, that she instantly fell in love with him; and Oliver observing how much she pitied the distress he told her he felt for his fault, he as suddenly fell in love with her. But while love was thus stealing into the hearts of Aliena and Oliver, he was no less busy with Ganymede, who hearing of the danger Orlando had been in, and that he was wounded by the lioness, fainted; and when he recovered, he pretended that he had counterfeited the swoon in the imaginary character of Rosalind, and Ganymede said to Oliver: Go and persuade your shepherdess to this: When Orlando and Ganymede began to talk over the sudden love which had taken place between Oliver and Aliena, Orlando said he had advised his brother to persuade his fair shepherdess to be married on the morrow, and then he added how much he could wish to be married on the same day to his Rosalind.
Ganymede, who well approved of this arrangement said that if Orlando really loved Rosalind as well as he professed to do, he should have his wish. This seemingly wonderful event, which, as Ganymede was the Lady Rosalind, he could so easily perform, he pretended he would bring to pass by the aid of magic, which he said he had leamt of an uncle who was a famous magician. The fond lover Orlando, half believing and half doubting what he heard, asked Ganymede if he spoke in sober meaning.
They being all assembled to celebrate this double marriage, and as yet only one of the brides appearing, there was much of wondering and conjecture, but they mostly thought that Ganymede was making a jest of Orlando. The duke, hearing that it was his own daughter that was to be brought in this strange way, asked Orlando if he believed the shepherd-boy could really do what he had promised; and while Orlando was answering that he knew not what to think, Ganymede entered, and asked the duke, if he brought his daughter, whether he would consent to her marriage with Orlando.
While they were gone, the duke said to Orlando, that he thought the shepherd Ganymede very like his daughter Rosalind; and Orlando said, he also had observed the resemblance. They had no time to wonder how all this would end, for Rosalind and Celia in their own clothes entered; and no longer pretending that it was by the power of magic that she came there, Rosalind threw herself on her knees before her father, and begged his blessing.
It seemed so wonderful to all present that she should so suddenly appear, that it might well have passed for magic; but Rosalind would no longer trifle with her father, and told him the story of her banishment, and of her dwelling in the forest as a shepherd-boy, her cousin Celia passing as her sister. The duke ratified the consent he had already given to the marriage; and Orlando and Rosalind, Oliver and Celia, were married at the same time. And though their wedding could not be celebrated in this wild forest with any of the parade or splendour usual on such occasions, yet a happier wedding-day was never passed: